Searching for credible evidence

In class this week Clare asked us to research 3 sources for 2 topics: digital citizenship and virtualization technology  and answer 7 questions on each. Because my mother has been in and out of hospital for the last week, and I have been helping look after her when she was at home so please forgive my brevity in this research journal entry.

Digital citizenship

  1. Core Education Digital Citizenship web-page article


Search terms: “Digital citizenship”

How you found it: I found it by Google searching and it was near the bottom of the first page of results.

Who wrote/create it: No authors name is mentioned even though the article is written in first person, none of the other pages contained an authors name.

However Derek Wenmoth (Director of e-Learning at Core Education) coordinated the writing of the article series.

When was it written/created/recorded/published?: It was written in 2013 as part of an article of Educational trends in 2013 written on the Core Education website. Core Education is a professional development website for teachers and educators (“Home » CORE Education,” n.d.).

What kind of publication is it: Educational article (part of a series on education trends in 2013) it also includes a video that covers the same content as the written article.

How credible(believable) do you think it is: I view this article as credible because it is relatively recent having been written in 2013, and it was written for the website of an educational training organization, which advises the government on educational practices and so its is likely to be credible in its discussion on how digital citizenship is taught in schools.

Additionally the coordinator of the article series Derek Wenmoth ( has two diplomas in teaching (so he has appropriate qualifications), and is viewed as a expert on educational policy shown through the fact he has consulted for the government (“Derek Wenmoth » CORE Education,” n.d.).

In 2008 (before this article was written) he was awarded as one of the Global Six which is 6 educators globally recognized as innovative by the George Lucas Educational Foundation (“Derek Wenmoth » CORE Education,” n.d.).

So he has qualification, experience and is considered an expert in the use of technology in education and so I believe as he coordinated the writing of this article it is likely to be credible.

2. Digital Citizenship: The Internet, society and Participation (MIT Press) – Book


Search terms: “What is digital citizenship?”

How you found it:  I use Google Scholar search and it was on the first page of results

Who wrote/created it?:  Karen Mossberger (Associate Professor in Public Administration at the University of Illinois) , Caroline J. Tolbert (Associate professor at University of Iowa in the Political Science department) and Ramona S. McNeal (Visiting Assistant Professor at University of Illinois in the Political Science department) (“Digital Citizenship | The MIT Press,” n.d.)

When was it written/created/recorded/published?: October 2007

What kind of publication is it: It is a book produced by MIT press.

How credible(believable) do you think it is: I believe this is not a particularly credible and valid source because it is dated to 2007. Since then the internet and the use of technology has affected our lives significantly more, especially the proliferation of  social media.

However the authors and publisher of this source is credible because all the authors are associate professors in this field, and it is produced by a respected tertiary institution organization MIT Press.

Therefore although the authors and publication organization are credible, the age of this source makes it no longer credible.

3. Digital Citizenship – Wikipedia article


Search terms: “Digital citizenship” in Google search

How you found it: I found it by Google searching and it was near the bottom of the first page of results.

Who wrote/created it?: Being a Wikipedia article it can be edited by anyone.

When was it written/created/recorded/published? It was originally written in December 2008 and was most recently edited on the 4th of April.

What kind of publication is it: A Wikipedia article

How credible(believable) do you think it is: Although more up to date than the second source, this is not a credible source because it can be modified by anyone, including people who do not necessarily have any knowledge of the concept of digital citizenship.

When people write incorrect information on Wikipedia it may be quite some time before it is corrected (if at all). So I do not view this to be a credible source.

Virtualization technology

  1. Virtualization vs Cloud Computing article in  Business News Daily


Search terms: “Virtualization technology”

How you found it: Google search

Who wrote/created it?: Sara Angeles who writes about technology for Business News Daily. She has written tech blogs for IT companies such as (app development company) and Izea ( a content marketing company) (Angeles, n.d.).

When was it written/created/recorded/published? 20 Jan 2014

What kind of publication is it: An article for the Business News Daily is a business advise publication.

How credible(believable) do you think it is: I think this article is relatively credible, because it’s in a business publication and so an editor would have checked it before it was published. As opposed to a blog post where no-one else needs to check it before it is published.

The author of the article used several quotes from people working in high power positions in large IT companies: VMware, InfraNet, Weidenhammer. This adds to the credibility of the article because it shows the author has done her research. Additionally she included links for readers to learn more about cloud computing which the article was comparing to Virtualization.

The article is dated 2014 which is recent enough to make the concepts it discusses still relevant today.

The article is written with few statistics or quantifiable facts this is likely because it is a high level scoped article discussing the general technologies of virtualization and cloud computing and when they can be helpful, rather than specific details.

So overall due to where it is written,  the use of quotes from industry experts, and its date of publication I believe this is relatively credible in what it talks about for a business audience, but it would not be useful if it was being read by technical audience because they would want to know more specifics and perhaps see some quantifiable facts.

2. Introduction to Virtualization – Eli the Computer Guy  YouTube video


Search terms: I used the search terms “What is virtualization” on YouTube

How you found it: YouTube

Who wrote/created it?: Eli Etherton (known as Eli the Computer Guy on his Youtube channel and website). He has an IT background and works as a consultant, in addition to having a highly successful YouTube channel providing instructional tech videos.

In terms of popularity Etherton’s videos are  “now among the top 1 percent of people listed in the Google preferred lineup of technology-focused YouTube channels”(“Eli the Computer Guy’s videos among top 1% of tech-focused YouTube channels – Baltimore,” 2014)

When was it written/created/recorded/published?  3 Feb 2012

What kind of publication is it: YouTube video

How credible(believable) do you think it is: I believe that this is a credible source because Etherton has a technology background and works as an IT consultant this means he will have to know his subject well. By taking the skills he has gained through this work experience to YouTube he is providing technology videos which are highly likely to be valid and credible.

Additionally if his facts were consistently incorrect it is unlikely he would have one of the most successful tech channels on YouTube.

3. System Virtualization tools for Software Development – Peer reviewed journal article


Search terms: “Virtualization technology”

How you found it: ProQuest research database

Who wrote/created it?
Juan C. Duenas, Jose L. Ruiz, Felix Cuadrado, Boni Garcia, Hugo A Parada G

When was it written/created/recorded/published? September 2009

What kind of publication is it: Article in the IEEE Computer Society periodical journal

How credible(believable) do you think it is: Apart from the age of this source it is very credible because it is written in a peer reviewed scholarly journal. The journal article  will of had to have been read and approved by 2 or more other people with knowledge of virtualization before it was permitted to be published.

Having been peer reviewed this means any incorrect informationin the article will of been highly likely to have been identified before publication. Therefore I would say  when this article was first published it would have been one of the highest levels of credibility available however due to its age it is no longer as credible now.


Eli the Computer Guy’s videos among top 1% of tech-focused YouTube channels – Baltimore. (2014, May 5). Retrieved April 6, 2017, from

Digital Citizenship | The MIT Press. (n.d.). Retrieved April 7, 2017, from

Home » CORE Education. (n.d.). Retrieved April 7, 2017, from

Derek Wenmoth » CORE Education. (n.d.). Retrieved April 7, 2017, from

Angeles, S. (n.d.). Sara Angeles | LinkedIn. Retrieved April 7, 2017, from